G is the fifth degree. Western music is based around keys. To achieve this, you just need to learn the notes on the 6th and 5th string of your guitar, as shown below: Once you know those notes, applying dominant 7th chords to the 12 bar blues is a nice and easy. Once you know the chord shapes and the notes on your 6th and 5th strings, you are totally set up and don’t need to get too bogged down in complex music theory. This is how you do it: To play the I chord, all you have to do is take Shape 1, and then pick the root note on the 6th string from the key you are in. That’s 7 intervals, but the minor note, which is a semitone lower, flat note. D - F#7 - G. A chord that resolves into the tonic. I wanted to keep that going by placing “A” on top (C –> B –> Bb –> A). These notes have corresponding chords that are marked using Roman numerals. Transcript. Once you get up to D and E, you move to quite a high register on the neck, and the chord shapes I’ve suggested lose a bit of that dark and moody sound which is so authentically bluesy. (e.g. But for now, get to grips with using dominant 7th chords and the shapes I’ve outlined above. When getting to grips with those chord shapes, you may have noticed one more thing; they sound better in some keys than others. In the key of C for example, the notes of the major scale are as follows: C is the first note of the scale, D is the second and E is the third etc. You’ll be amazed at how they transform your rhythm playing. The dominant seventh is made with a major triad and a minor seventh, and is so called because it naturally exists on the V of a major scale — which is the dominant chord of the scale. Song Tutor Tuesdays – “Auld Lang Syne” (Christmas Carol), Ask Dr. Pokey: “What Is The Main Purpose Of Chord Inversions?” (Part 1). In even better news, you can apply this idea to any key! The Dominant Seventh Chord 19.1 Introduction. A is the sixth degree. A 1-4 progression would be some type of C chord going to some type of F chord. Just as you talk and listen freely, music can be enjoyed and played in the same way... if you know the rules of the "language!" Inversion Bottom note Roman numerals Macro analysis Root position root: 5 V7 in C: G7 First 3rd: 7 V 5 in C: G 5 Second 5th: 2 V 3 in C: G 3 Third 7th: 4 V 2 or V in C: G 2 or G 1-4 progressions are easily one of the top 5 movements in music. I love to tonicize other tones of the scale in unique ways like this…. In C major, that chord is G7 (G dominant 7). The next step in developing your rhythm playing then, is to learn alternative chord ‘voicings’. F is the fourth degree. And this is where intervals come in. Whilst this is true, it is overly simplistic. The first way to do this is to use what are known as dominant 7th chords. Dominant 7th chords are the most commonly used chords within the blues. It simply consists of a chord on the first degree of the scale going to a chord on the 4th degree. A dominant 7th chord contains all of these notes. I will cover those in much more detail in a future article. Notice the chromatic (half step) movement from C to B to Bb. In a chord progression the Dom7 chord is traditionally used for the V chord leading to the I chord. I chose this inversion of F major 7 to keep “A” on top. And the intervals between the different notes used within a chord define the characteristic of that chord. Thanks, Previous post: Harmonizing the Bebop Major Scale, Next post: Song Tutor Tuesdays – “Auld Lang Syne” (Christmas Carol). This creates dissonance within the chord, and gives it a tense and unresolved sound. In C major, that chord is G7 (G dominant 7). Thanks again! In the key of B, you know the IV chord is E. So again you just need to pick out E on the 5th string and apply the same chord shape. In this specific example, the the 2 chords above represent the I and IV chords in the key of A. For C Major this would be C – E – G – Bb. This seventh is probably what most people think of when they’re talking about seventh chords. In any key, all you need to do is take shape 2, and slide it up 2 frets from the IV chord. These keys are built off major scales, which are made up of 7 notes. C is the first degree. The Dominant function as 7th chord. Try this badass progression out and hear it for yourself. This is because broadly speaking, chords that are major sound happy, and those that are minor sound sad.