Div. iv. Then let some person come forward and deprecate the cutting down of the tree, making himself responsible for its future fertility. 6-29. O Jerusalem, Jerusalem - See the note on Matthew 23:37-39; (note), where the metaphor of the hen is illustrated from the Greek Anthology. The principal subjects it this chapter may be found considered at large, on the parallel places in Matthew and Mark, to which the reader is referred. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Tell that fox - Herod was a very vicious prince, and lived in public incest with his sister-in-law, Mark 6:17; : if our Lord meant him here, it is hard to say why the character of fox, which implies cunning, design, and artifice, to hide evil intentions, should be attributed to him, who never seemed studious to conceal his vices. x., p. 773; edit. 2: Norval Geldenhuys, Commentary on the Gospel of Luke (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. It is used also in reference to Christ's death, Hebrews 2:10; Hebrews 5:9; see also Acts 20:24, and Hebrews 12:23. c. 5. The Codex Bezae has added here, φερε την αξινην, Bring the axe and cut it down. A long time to be under the constant and peculiar influence of the devil. And hath shut to the door - See the notes on Matthew 7:22-23; (note), and 25:10-41. But some think that our Lord means, not the temple, but the whole commonwealth of the Jews. And by the death of those on whom the tower in Siloam fell, Luke 13:4, Luke 13:5. Facebook-twitter-g+-LinkedIN-Email . lib. Whose blood Pilate had mingled - This piece of history is not recorded (as far as I can find) by Josephus: however, he states that the Galileans were the most seditious people in the land: they belonged properly to Herod's jurisdiction; but, as they kept the great feasts at Jerusalem, they probably, by their tumultuous behavior at some one of them, gave Pilate, who was a mortal enemy to Herod, a pretext to fall upon and slay many of them; and thus, perhaps, sacrifice the people to the resentment he had against the prince. Like leaven - See this explained, Matthew 13:33; (note). An adequate punishment for sin cannot be inflicted in this world: what God does here, in this way, is in general: 3, to preserve in men's minds a proper sense of his providence and justice; and. Emerson Powery | 0 Comments. Predicts his own death at Jerusalem, and denounces judgments on that impenitent city, Luke 13:33-35. Commentaries for Luke Chapter 13 Christ exhorts to repentance from the case of the Galileans and others. Perfected - Or finished, τελειουμαι . There is something very like this in the Γεωπονικα, or De Re Rustica of the ancient Greek writers on agriculture. Compiled & Edited by BST & Crosswalk Staff, Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. and our Lords answer, with the discourse thereon, Luke 13:23-30. Does not our Lord refer to such a custom? See Josephus, Antiq. Print. He journeys towards Jerusalem, and preaches, Luke 13:22. View Luke 13 Commentaries for Luke Chapter 13 Christ exhorts to repentance from the case of the Galileans and others. "Do ye who live in Jerusalem, and who consider your selves peculiarly attached to the law, and under the strongest obligations to obey it - do ye think that those Galileans were more heathenish than the rest of the Galileans, because they suffered such things? Let it alone - Christ is represented as intercessor for sinners, for whose sake the day of their probation is often lengthened; during which time he is constantly employed in doing every thing that has a tendency to promote their salvation. Cut it down. Some suppose that this refers to the followers of Judas Gaulonites, (see Acts 5:37;), who would not acknowledge the Roman government, a number of whom Pilate surrounded and slew, while they were sacrificing in the temple. That Christ was now in the jurisdiction of Herod, as he supposes, is evident from Luke 13:31; that he was on his last journey to Jerusalem, Luke 9:51; that he had just passed through Samaria, Luke 9:52, Luke 9:56; that as Samaria and Judea were under the Roman procurator, and Perea was subject to Herod Antipas, therefore he concludes that Christ was at this time in Perea; which agrees with Matthew 19:1, and Mark 10:1, and Luke 17:11. Perish out of Jerusalem - A man who professes to be a prophet can be tried on that ground only by the grand Sanhedrin, which always resides at Jerusalem; and as the Jews are about to put me to death, under the pretense of my being a false prophet, therefore my sentence must come from this city, and my death take place in it. Many - will seek - They seek - wish and desire; but they do not strive; therefore, because they will not agonize - will not be in earnest, they shall not get in. To-day and to-morrow, etc. The ruler of the synagogue is incensed and is reproved by our Lord, Luke 13:14-17. The owner immediately strikes it thrice with the back of his axe; but the other preventing him says, I beseech thee to spare it, and I will be answerable for its fertility. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Then, seem to be appeased, and so spare the tree, and afterwards it will yield fruit in abundance. CHAPTER 13 Luke 13:1-9. 1-3. What was the duration of this infirmity? Ye shall all likewise perish - Ὡσαυτως, ὁμοιως, In a like way, in the same manner. But it has already been remarked that St. Luke never studies chronological arrangement. Jesus has just recently delivered a scathing denunciation of Pharisees and lawyers (11:37-54)—also members of the religious elite. If this reading be genuine, it is doubtless an allusion to Matthew 3:10; (note): Now the axe lieth at the root of the trees. 4, to give sinners, in one or two particular instances, a general specimen of the punishment that awaits all the perseveringly impenitent. Depart hence, etc. How? https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/luke-13.html. - A question either of impertinence or curiosity, the answer to which can profit no man. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. 1832. Proud member Abraham, and Isaac, etc. In Luke’s narrative, two scenes of Jesus’ teaching sandwiches this account of healing and controversy with religious leaders. The tree itself brings forth no fruit; let it be cut down that a more profitable one may be planted in its place. Luke 13 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. Hence, in reference to our Lord, the word implies his dying; as the plan of human redemption was not finished, till he bowed his head and gave up the ghost on the cross: see John 19:30, where the same word is used. This time it’s loudly and pointedly. THE LESSON, "REPENT OR PERISH," SUGGESTED BY TWO RECENT INCIDENTS, AND ILLUSTRATED BY THE PARABLE OF THE BARREN FIG TREE. May grace grow in our hearts; may our faith and love grow exceedingly, so as to give undoubted evidence of their reality. The kingdom of the Messiah is the kingdom of God. "Commentary on Luke 13:4". He is informed that Herod purposes to kill him, Luke 13:31, Luke 13:32. It was a stable and permanent one - she was loosed, for ever loosed from her infirmity.