... $(! A demographic analysis of male life history and social structure of, Intergroup calls and spacing. (1984). effort, and reproductive success in male barbary macaques (, Paul, A., Preuschoft, S., and van Schaik, C. P, and the evolution of affiliative male–infant interactions in Old World primates. and the perceived distinctiveness of nocturnal primates. aspects and the special role of adult males. Mating relations and female mother-daughter relations play important roles in forming new “affinitive © 2017, 2011, 2007, 2003, 2000 K. B. Strier. Why some primate males permanently bond with a single, female has been explained with two arguments that distinguish between two, fundamental types of monogamy in primates: systems with obligate male. et d’autres aspects jouent à l’échelle de la population, comme le nombre et la taille des groupes par exemple pour le cas des animaux avec structure hiérarchique, le nombre de petits et la taille des harems, ou encore le temps d’association pour les cas des agrégations d’animaux. (1990). Explanations for why some males opt to associate with only. 1 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 10 0 R /Resources 3 0 R /Contents 2 0 R /Annots 61 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Length 5585 /Filter /FlateDecode >> stream even lowranking females can dominate high-ranking females as long as they stay nearby their “affinitive” males. (1999). I assessed individuals’ cognitive abilities in a group setting in an individually marked population of narrow-striped mongooses in Kirindy Forest, Western Madagascar. T, recognized as an invariant species-specific traits, but instead as a flexible, response to variation among groups in ecological and demographic factors, 2000). Evolutionary Anthropology Issues News and Reviews. Sci. Primate males go where the females are. The behavior of wild spectral tarsiers. Models of reproductive skew: A review and synthesis. Allometric slopes and independent contrasts: A com-. rates of extra-pair young in the pair-living fat-tailed dwarf lemur, agonism towards outgroup conspecifics in Wied’s Black-tufted-ear marmoset (, Fuentes, A. degree of sexual dimorphism (Hamilton and Bulger, 1992; Kappeler, 1999c; females form affiliative bonds, females often provide most of the grooming, whereas males provide agonistic protection for the female and her infants, and additional vigilance against predators (de Ruiter, 1986; Hemelrijk and, Pereira and McGlynn, 1997; Richard, 1987), adult primate males dominate, The 3 elements of a social system are discrete, interrelated entities, The links may be of 3 possible kinds: (i) causal—one aspect imposes a di-, rect constraining effect on the values of the other; for instance, when so-. 9941-9945, October 1994 Anthropology Evolution ofsocial organization: Areappraisalfor primatesby usingphylogeneticmethods ANTHONYDi FiOREANDDREWRENDALL DepartmentofAnthropology, University ofCalifornia, Davis, CA95616 Communicatedby SarahBlafferHrdy, JulyS, 1994 ABSTRACT For manyanimal taxa, the extent to which … ��@x�PS�>*�Yd� XH�֦���1=����j�j}����X}g*Ӗ�� �1EǏ�=���ٔEһ: $@�C��YKL0W�� ,�� T�L�����k�c:��lJ4L�Q��h'nc�wU6;S7 �*$m���h�բ6fE�z"*�0�w�\�ji�Ґ�T� au��CO��R�T���~\18��E��Տ��0��c'����t��PN��h��E���Z"B�R��#B� U���B;� ���Ω��k��_�34�1�:���.���~b�p>�q�DC6O����rH�Ee�� '�"sM�yPl88�X��v�Dl���o^a��6���\�k̔�u|��? Fi-, most primates (and other mammals) are characterized by virtually exclusive, female parental care, so that, compared to birds, With few puzzling exceptions among lemurs (Kappeler, 1993a), mor, phological correlates of different mating systems correspond well to theo-, retical predictions and patterns that occur among other mammals (Clutton-, in which females typically mate with several males have, on average, larger. However, females are not, mere passive objects of male mating strategies. Striking ornaments of males with a potential function, in mate choice are widespread among primates (Dixson, 1998), but the few, existing studies have only suggested a function in intrasexual competition. Finally, we examine the role, of primate socio-ecology in current evolutionary biology and conclude that, primates are not prominently represented because the main questions asked, in behavioral ecology are often irrelevant for primate behavior. open. A total of 70 items were retained for the Chimpanzee Psychopathology Questionnaire in accordance with 3 main criteria: deleting those that could not be applied to the subjects, retaining those that could be applied, and adapted when needed. A similar approach was used by Mendoza and Manson (1986), Harrison, bonds in captive callitrichids by presenting strange adults of both sexes to, them. They are pri-, marily shaped by female distribution and the resulting nature of intrasexual, selection. First of all, those similarities stem from the fact that in both cases we are dealing with very complex non-equilibrium (but rather stable) systems whose principles of functioning and evolution are described by the General Systems' Theory, as well as by a number of cybernetic principles and laws.Secondly, in both cases we do not deal with isolated systems; in both cases we deal with a complex interaction between systems of organic systems and external environment, whereas the reaction of systems to external challenges can be described in terms of certain general principles (that, however, express themselves rather differently within the biological reality, on the one hand, and within the social reality, on the other).