All the religions have preached love and non-violence. It is one of the means of informal means of social control. 14 0 obj If we analyse the great religions of the world, we shall find that each of them contains, five basic elements: (1) belief in supernatural powers, (2) belief in the holy, (3) ritual, (4) acts defined as sinful and (5) some method of salvation. /Names << /Dests 6 0 R>> 0000000017 00000 n First, organised Christianity plays an important political force in Europe and North America. Different people have different beliefs. It is the human response to those elements in the life and environment of mankind which are beyond their ordinary comprehension. By distinguishing between holy and unholy things, religion creates sacred symbol for the values and this symbol becomes the rallying point for all persons who share the same values. Religion creates an … Wars and battles have been fought in the name of religion. Some of the norms which lose their appropriateness under changed conditions may also be imposed by religion. The first meaning becomes clear when people talk of secular trends in history or economics, or when they speak of secularizing the State. Thus secularization, as Brayan Wilson has defined, refers to the process in which religious thinking, practice and institutions lose social significance. Religion refers to a belief in a divine entity or deity. While most people consider religion as universal and therefore, a significant institution of societies. ã>³aÖdİ1gÅ¿d�®KÁAgš$-iTä£4}Z`¨Š€CWëÒğ´Ñƒqq`íà?O. It is said that man from the earliest times has been incurably religious. Religion encourages people to render services to the needy and poor and promote their welfare. Religion is the foundation upon which these values rest. When a son dies man seeks to assuage his grief in ritualistic exchanges of condolence. Religion is concerned with the shared beliefs and practices of human beings. TOS 7. It develops philanthropic attitude of people. /Linearized 1 Religion has made people blind, dumb and deaf to the reality. It thus helps him to identify himself more with his fellows, and to distinguish himself more from members of other groups, communities or nations. In this world man often suffers disappointment even in the midst of all hopes and achievements. Image Guidelines 5. The paper can’t be used in your studies except as a source of ideas. /Parent 10 0 R Where can you find free essays, quantum bank case study solution essays on cause and effect. Thus, we find that the word religion basically represents beliefs and practices which are generally the main characteristics of all religions. Religion results in inter-group conflicts by dividing people along religious lines. Religion in this sense is the organisation of faith which binds human beings to their temporal and transcendental foundation. This is derived from two root words. PDF | On Sep 24, 2012, Gregory W. Dawes and others published What is Religion? It preaches submission to the existing conditions and maintenance of status quo. The masses and guide their activities for the benefit of the society rather than for the purpose of pleasing the God. If you need detailed help with proper explanations and formatting, you can contact our service any time needed. In this way religion promotes the welfare of individuals, groups and community. But evidences show that religious beliefs have not declined in West as well as in our society. << /TrimBox [0.0000 0.0000 612.0000 792.0000] Religion in each of these societies gave its members the courage needed for survival in an unfavourable environment, by giving explanations to certain aspects of the human conditions which could not be explained in a rational manner. Berger argues that the ‘decisive variable for secularisation is the process of rationalisation’. The word secular has been used in this sense, at least in the English-speaking West, for more than three hundred years. For example, a good number of people in India prefer to take the advises of priests and religious leaders before starting some ventures. The cow as a sacred symbol of the Hindus, for example, is a rallying point which gives cohesion to Hindu society. << Through a ritual individual expresses common beliefs and sentiments. Each religion defines certain acts as sinful and profane (unholy). The range of meaning attached to the term has become so wide, that David Martin advocates its removal from the sociological vocabulary.