[54], Sugarcane bagasse is a potentially abundant source of energy for large producers of sugarcane, such as Brazil, India and China. As such, it’s commonly grown in tropical climates like Brazil, as well as in some parts of the U.S., such as Florida, Louisiana and Texas. [19][20][21][22] Around the 8th century, Muslim and Arab traders introduced sugar from medieval India to the other parts of the Abbasid Caliphate in the Mediterranean, Mesopotamia, Egypt, North Africa, and Andalusia. The cane beetle (also known as cane grub) can substantially reduce crop yield by eating roots; it can be controlled with imidacloprid (Confidor) or chlorpyrifos (Lorsban). Sucrose (table sugar), extracted from sugarcane in specialized mill factories, is either used as raw material in the food industry or fermented to produce ethanol. In primary growing regions across the tropics and subtropics, sugarcane crops can produce over 15 kg/m of cane. As a Premium user you get access to background information and details about the release of this statistic. Blackstrap molasses is sold as a food and dietary supplement. Other important pests are the larvae of some butterfly/moth species, including the turnip moth, the sugarcane borer (Diatraea saccharalis), the African sugarcane borer (Eldana saccharina), the Mexican rice borer (Eoreuma loftini), the African armyworm (Spodoptera exempta), leaf-cutting ants, termites, spittlebugs (especially Mahanarva fimbriolata and Deois flavopicta), and the beetle Migdolus fryanus. Sugar cane is a grass native to Asia and grows mostly in tropical and subtropical areas. It was also spread westward and northward by around 3,000 BP to China and India by Austronesian traders, where it further hybridized with Saccharum sinense and Saccharum barberi. In some regions, people use sugarcane reeds to make pens, mats, screens, and thatch. Look for long, thick stems, which are more likely to produce healthy new plants. Sugarcane is a cash crop, but it is also used as livestock fodder. One hectare of sugar cane yields 4,000 litres of ethanol per year (without any additional energy input, because the bagasse produced exceeds the amount needed to distill the final product). Profit from additional features by authenticating your Admin account. This dry matter is biomass with potential as fuel for energy production. A sugarcane crop is sensitive to climate, soil type, irrigation, fertilizers, insects, disease control, varieties, and the harvest period. An alternative to this "phosphatation" technique is "carbonatation", which is similar, but uses carbon dioxide and calcium hydroxide to produce a calcium carbonate precipitate. Papuans and Austronesians originally primarily used sugarcane as food for domesticated pigs. This statistic is not included in your account. Viral diseases affecting sugarcane include sugarcane mosaic virus, maize streak virus, and sugarcane yellow leaf virus. Then you can access your favorite statistics via the star in the header. A skilled harvester can cut 500 kg (1,100 lb) of sugarcane per hour. They adopted and then spread sugarcane agriculture. Sugarcane cultivation requires a tropical or subtropical climate, with a minimum of 60 cm (24 in) of annual moisture. It is a C4 plant, able to convert up to 1% of incident solar energy into biomass. You need at least a Single Account to use this feature. [49] The theoretical possible yield for sugarcane is about 280 tonnes per hectare per year, and small experimental plots in Brazil have demonstrated yields of 236–280 tonnes of cane per hectare.[50][51]. After harvest, the crop produces sugar juice and bagasse, the fibrous dry matter. The spread of both S. officinarum and S. sinense is closely linked to the migrations of the Austronesian peoples. In the 18th century AD, sugarcane plantations began in Caribbean, South American, Indian Ocean and Pacific island nations and the need for laborers became a major driver of large migrations of people, some voluntarily accepting indentured servitude[6] and others forcibly exported as slaves. [34] Each cutting must contain at least one bud, and the cuttings are sometimes hand-planted. facts. Sugar cane was best grown on relatively flat land near coastal waters, where the soil was naturally yellow and fertile; mountainous parts of the islands were less likely to be used for cane cultivation. "Sugar cane production in the U.S. from 2010 to 2019, by state (in 1,000 tons)*." Dried filtercake is used as an animal feed supplement, fertilizer, and source of sugarcane wax. Sugar cane is easiest to find during the harvest season, in late summer and early fall. Sugar production worldwide 2009/10-2019/20, Global sugar production by leading country 2019/2020, Sugar: exports of major countries 2019/2020, Sugar consumption worldwide 2009/10-2020/21. Before learning how to grow … Since the lower heating value of sucrose is 16.5 MJ/kg, and that of the bagasse is 19.2 MJ/kg, the total heating value of a ton of b&c is 4.7 GJ of which 2.2 GJ come from the sucrose and 2.5 from the bagasse. By 400 BC, methods for manufacturing sugar from sugarcane had been developed in India. The plant is also grown for biofuel production, especially in Brazil, as the canes Sugarcane, (Saccharum officinarum), perennial grass of the family Poaceae, primarily cultivated for its juice from which sugar is processed. These two stages are slowly merging. Other products of the processing include bagasse, molasses, and filtercake. As a Premium user you get access to the detailed source references and background information about this statistic. This raw sugar was then shoveled from the cooling trough into hogsheads (wooden barrels), and from there into the curing house. Sugar cane can generate naturally up to four blocks tall, but short plants grow only to a height of three blocks, adding a block of height when the top sugar cane block has received 16 random block ticks (i.e. Are you interested in testing our corporate solutions? [10], There are two centers of domestication for sugarcane: one for Saccharum officinarum by Papuans in New Guinea and another for Saccharum sinense by Austronesians in Taiwan and southern China. Overview and forecasts on trending topics, Key figures and rankings about brands and companies, Consumer insights and preferences in various industries, Detailed information about political and social topics, All key figures about regions and countries, Everything you need to know about Consumer Goods, Identify market potentials of the digital future, Technology Market Outlook Sugarcane can be grown on many soils ranging from highly fertile, well-drained Mollisols, through heavy cracking Vertisols, infertile acid Oxisols and Ultisols, peaty Histosols, to rocky Andisols. Accessed November 27, 2020. https://www.statista.com/statistics/191975/sugarcane-production-in-the-us-by-state/, US Department of Agriculture. Be sure to plant 2-3 inches below the soil line. In Brazil, gasoline is required to contain at least 22% bioethanol. Sugar refining further purifies the raw sugar. [26][28], Between 1863 and 1900, traders and plantation owners from the British colony of Queensland (now a state of Australia) brought between 55,000 and 62,500 people from the South Pacific Islands to work on sugarcane plantations. Molasses is produced in two forms: Blackstrap, which has a characteristic strong flavor, and a purer molasses syrup. Average cane production is, therefore, 58 tons of b&c per hectare per year. Learn more about how Statista can support your business. Traditionally, sugarcane processing requires two stages. Billets (stalks or stalk sections) harvested by a mechanical harvester are planted by a machine that opens and recloses the ground. A textbook on renewable energy[53] describes the energy transformation: Presently, 75 tons of raw sugar cane are produced annually per hectare in Brazil. Beginning around 6,000 BP they were selectively bred from the native Saccharum robustum. Bone char or coal-based activated carbon is traditionally used in this role. In more technologically advanced countries like the United States and Australia, billet planting is common. Once planted, a stand can be harvested several times; after each harvest, the cane sends up new stalks, called ratoons. The second term "cane" began to be used alongside it as the crop was grown on plantations in the Caribbean, this term is ultimately of Hebrew-origin from קנה (KaNeH) meaning "reed" or "stalk". [7], The term "sugarcane" is a combination of two words; sugar and cane. Sugar, often in the form of molasses, was shipped from the Caribbean to Europe or New England, where it was used to make rum. Once a major crop of the southeastern region of the United States, sugarcane cultivation declined there during the late 20th century, and is prim… In this case, with the same knife, score the root-ball vertically on all 4 sides about 1/2 inch deep and keep moist after planting. The reason for this reduction is that the stalks are separated from the leaves (which are burned and whose ashes are left in the field as fertilizer), and from the roots that remain in the ground to sprout for the next crop. [citation needed], Particulate matter, combustion products, and volatile organic compounds are the primary pollutants emitted during the sugarcane processing. About 70% of the sugar produced globally comes from a species of sugarcane called Saccharum officinarum and hybrids of this species.